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" All the information mentioned here is compiled from the knowledge of scholars and doctors,etc."


A beautiful smile with a row of teeth helps in boosting the confidence of individuals and attractiveness of their personality. According to dentistry, the proper shape and health of teeth and gums are essential for a good smile.

Cosmetic dentistry

 is the branch of dentistry that deals with the beauty of teeth. It includes dental and gum treatments that combine science and art. This treatment mainly consists of composite filling which enhances the appearance of the teeth. Veneering (Bleaching/Whitening) which increases the color of teeth (Bleaching/Whitening), Orthodontics (Orthodontics), fixed orthodontics (Clear Aligner), and crown/cap (Crown/Cap) which reconstructs missing teeth with artificial teeth. Bridge. Dental Implant, Gingivectomy, Depigmentation, etc., which improve the shape and color of the gums, are commonly used treatments.

Cosmetic filling

Cosmetic filling or composite filling is a treatment method for small changes in the shape of the teeth, a slight distance between the teeth, damage to the front teeth, and cracks in the teeth. This is a treatment that can be done in one sitting without removing any part of the tooth. Cosmetic filling is done using a material called composite. It is soft, but when a particular type of light hits it, it hardens. This is done by sticking to the teeth. After the composite filling is done, there is no problem in eating normally. However, very hard chips, bones etc. should be avoided in that area. Smoking, use of tobacco products, use of cola and colored foods should be avoided. Only then. It can be used for a long time

Orthodontic treatment

Orthodontics is the treatment method for misaligned, crooked or crooked teeth. Attachment Type Steel/metal, tooth-colored ceramic, and multi-colored ceramic brackets are attached to the tooth and move the tooth into position. Unbeknownst to others, orthodontic treatment using clear aligners also exists. After taking a scan of the teeth for clear aligner treatment, clear transparent trays are designed and manufactured on the computer to suit each individual. It should be worn twenty hours a day. It should be removed only when brushing teeth and eating.


A dental implant is a method in which the tooth that replaces the missing tooth is attached to the bone under the gum without attaching it to other teeth. Titanium is used for this. A cap made of titanium is attached to the tooth root.


Gingivectomy is a method of correcting deficiencies in the size, shape and shape of the gums. It can also be referred to as gum plastic surgery. Gingivectomy can be done with a laser or with a standard scalpel blade.


Bleaching (Bleaching/Whitening) is a treatment method used to improve the color of the teeth. It can be done at home or in a dental hospital as per the doctor's prescription. For this, a special tray is prepared in the size of the dental row. It will be filled with bleaching gel. It is attached to the denture so that the teeth are immersed in this gel. Do this without making any changes to the teeth. It will have to be kept like this for a few minutes to a few hours. In a dental clinic, this treatment is done by applying a special whitening gel to the teeth. Be careful not to touch the gel on the gums. After applying the gel to the teeth, there is a method of applying the gel to the area through a special device, and there is a method of doing it without lighting. If the teeth have cavities, wear, etc., bleaching should be done only after it has been treated and cured. Bleaching should be avoided in children under sixteen and pregnant women. Those doing bleaching should completely avoid smoking, use of tobacco products and carbonated soft drinks.


Depigmentation is a treatment for those with extremely dark gums. This treatment involves removing the outermost layer of the gum. This is usually done with a laser. Can be done without. In some cases, this procedure may need to be done after two or three years.


A bridge is a method of capping and fixing the teeth on both sides with artificial teeth instead of missing teeth. Cap (Crown) completely covers the tooth


Veneering (Veneer/Porcelain Laminate) is a method of adding very thin layers of porcelain to the surface of the tooth to enhance the beauty of the tooth. Cracks and stains between the teeth, gaps in the teeth, excessive yellowness, misshapen teeth etc. can be solved by this. For this, after removing some of the enamel from the outer part of the tooth, a ceramic shell called Porsan is attached to the outer part of the tooth. This ceramic covering is more secure and natural. Two sittings are required for this treatment.
People who have had veneers should avoid very hard foods. Do not bite into chips or bones. Do not bite your nails. Avoidance of smoking, use of tobacco products, consumption of cola, and colored foods can also help to maintain venma for longer.

Ayurveda for dental health

Ayurveda has prescribed various ways to protect the health of teeth

Ayurveda Dacharyas give priority to dental care in daily routine. After getting up and defecating in brahma muhurta, the first thing to do is to clean the teeth. It has been clearly stated how to clean and with what to clean. This is what Ayurveda says about tooth brushing. Eru is as fat as the tip of the little finger, the tip is soft from being crushed, and has the taste of astringency, acridity, and bitterness. Roots of peral, karinghali, ung and neer marut should be used in the morning and after meals to clean the teeth without damaging the gums. Decoction should be made from the roots of those that have a bitter taste. In it, you can grind venga, aruli, pine, karivelam, kaladi, pichi, kottam, trikadu, triphala, trijatam and knead it in honey and dip it in it and brush your teeth.

In Ayurveda, each dental disease has its own symptoms and its treatment. Dental diseases and symptoms include:

Frostbite: A disease in which cold food and drink touch the teeth, causing severe pain as if the tooth would break.
Toothache: Difficulty eating sour and cold food. Painful eruption of teeth.
Dental: Violent pain in teeth and chattering of teeth after eating.
Deciduous: Eruption of teeth in a row.
Overdentation: The condition of having an excessive number of teeth.

More one is  A condition in which debris adheres to the teeth and causes bad breath. Causes tooth decay.

Dental caries: A condition in which the hard coating of the tooth wears away. A carious tooth can turn into plaque if left untreated.

Syamadanta: The teeth have a black and blue tint.

Worm teeth: The black colored teeth begin to move. Excruciating pain, bleeding and swelling if you eat too much sweets. Dental pulp is a painful swelling at the root of the teeth.

Ayurveda deals with the causes and treatment of all diseases affecting teeth and gums.

Treatment methods

Cold tooth: Dipli powder can be mixed with honey and applied to the gums. Make a decoction of milk, ghee and sesame oil and rub it on your cheeks for brushing your teeth.

To soothe a loose tooth: Take a decoction of Vengakkathal, Triphala, Kari Velapatta, Karinghalikathal, squeeze oil and add equal quantity of water and rub your cheeks.

To get rid of toothache, grind the seeds of saffron and put it on the toothache.

Cold toothache: Mix trikadu and indigo and rub the cheeks several times. Arivedati oil can be used on the cheeks and scalp. 

Make self at home Put the eruk, ezhilampala and papaya in the cavity of the tooth along with wound oil and bite on a cotton ball. Apply Arivedadi oil in lukewarm water and apply it on your cheeks. Dip triphalachuran in honey and apply it on the gums. Plaque sticking to the teeth is loosened by mixing the powder with honey and rubbing it on the teeth. Make a small paste and apply heat on the teeth by grinding the saffron, potum, valalari, kayam, chavarkaram and indhu. Chiratta chuta kari, makkikal, chuk, black pepper, tippali, nutmeg, indhu, and kallup should be ground and used for brushing the teeth.
A decoction of Nalpamara mixed with wound oil and double sweet will relieve bad breath due to swelling of the cheeks.

Dental diseases
 Foods that are cold, sour, spicy, too hot, smoking, intoxicants, fish, uncooked vegetables and sugar should also be avoided. Sleeping at night, physical exertion, night travel. Avoiding the use of AC on a regular basis and giving more importance to dental care from childhood can help maintain healthy teeth for a long time.

To avoid bad breath

Grind the leaves of Karingali, Njerinjil, Doubtmadhur and Pichi and smoke it in your mouth.Boil cloves in water and add cardamom to it. Grind cloves, black pepper, black pepper, black pepper and cloves and boil them in water. Bad breath is not only caused by dental diseases. It can also be caused by acidity, gum disease and many other diseases of the stomach. Therefore, its causes should also be looked at and treated.

Root canal treatment to save the tooth

Teeth are one of the most important factors in maintaining a person's health. A healthy person has strong teeth and healthy gums. Proper routines, diet, hygiene practices and dental care can help keep dental diseases at bay to some extent. However, unexpected infections or traumas can endanger the health of the teeth. In such cases it is very important to maintain the natural teeth without damage.

There are many innovative treatments available to keep natural teeth healthy. One of the most important treatments is endodontic treatment or root canal treatment

If the root of the tooth becomes infected

Root canal treatment is a way to solve dental problems without removing the affected tooth. A tooth has three main parts. Enamel is the outer layer. Inside it is dentin. Inside that is the part called pulp. The pulp contains all the blood vessels and nerves to the tooth. The risk of infection increases when the damage to the tooth passes through the enamel and dentin and reaches the pulp. When you get an infection like this, you start feeling pain. As soon as the tooth decay reaches the dentin through the enamel, it starts to feel sour. At this point the tooth can be sealed to prevent further decay. But if proper treatment is not sought, the lesion can penetrate into the pulp and cause infection. It is at this stage that root canal treatment is recommended. If the infection in the pulp is not treated, the infection can affect the root of the tooth. An abscess will form at the base of the root. Root canal treatment alone is not enough to fix this. Rarely, at such a stage the gum may need to be opened and the infected area removed. This procedure is called episectomy.

Why put the crown?

Once the root canal is done, the tooth becomes dead. Because by removing the pulp, the blood vessels that supply nutrients to the tooth and the nerves that carry messages are removed. With that, the moisture in the teeth will decrease. Due to this there is a risk of tooth fracture. Some people may also experience tooth discoloration. Both of these problems can be avoided by fitting a crown.

Can pregnant women do root canal?

If the tooth is already damaged, it is better to have a root canal done before becoming pregnant. If a root canal becomes necessary during pregnancy, it is safer in the second 3-6 months of the trimester. It is better to avoid X-ray examination. The decision should be taken according to the doctor's advice.

There is no specific age limit for root canal treatment. However, people between the ages of twelve and sixty-five generally benefit most from root canal treatment.

Children between the ages of 3 and 10 should have root canals for baby teeth. It's the same way it's done for adults. However, the filling material used in the root canal is different. Because they are baby teeth, permanent material is not used for fillings. Temporary material is used instead.

If there is severe pain, a pulpectomy is done to save the baby teeth. This is the process of removing the pulp from the tooth. Even if they are baby teeth, removing them early may affect the growth of the bone associated with the teeth and so on. That is why molars are saved by pulpectomy. Moreover, only if the baby teeth survive, there will be room for the permanent teeth to come in. When a baby tooth is lost early, adjacent teeth can move into the space and become misaligned when the permanent teeth come in.

In people with diabetes

 Root canal treatment can also be done in people with diabetes. However, blood sugar levels should be healthy. If an infection occurs, antibiotics will be needed to treat it. If diabetes is not under control, the risk of infection is high. Diabetes also increases the risk of gum disease and tooth decay. People with diabetes should inform the dentist about it.

How a root canal is done

First, an X-ray of the tooth will be done to understand the extent of damage to the tooth and the structure of the tooth. Root canal treatment is started after local anesthesia is administered.

The damaged part of the tooth is cleaned and a hole is made inward from the top of the tooth through which a device called a dental file is passed and the infected pulp inside the tooth is completely removed. The canal will then be disinfected. Then the entire canal where the pulp has been removed is closed with an artificial material called Gutta Percha. Then the top of the tooth (crown) is covered. A cap or artificial crown is placed on top of this to protect the tooth. A post is placed to connect the crown and root canal to properly secure the crown.

After root canal

Avoid chewing solid foods immediately after a root canal. Some people feel a little discomfort in the root canal area for a few days. If you feel more uncomfortable, you should see a doctor for an examination. After root canal treatment, teeth can be used as normal dentures. Healthy teeth will remain.

Can all teeth be treated with a root canal?

 If the roots of the tooth have been extensively damaged. A root canal may not yield sufficient results. Root canal treatment can be avoided even if the condition of teeth is affected by excessive gum (Periodontitis). A root canal is not effective in case of root caries where the damage has affected the root of the tooth. This is because in this condition the dentine part of the tooth can also be damaged, making it impossible to maintain the tooth. Root resorption is a condition in which the inside of a tooth decays. Cooperative canal is also not effective in this condition. There are two types of tooth decay, internal resorption and external root resorption. Internal resorption is a condition in which the infection spreads from the root of the tooth to the tooth and thus destroys the tooth. That is, the outer part of the tooth is not damaged in the initial stage. External root resorption is a condition in which damage occurs outside the socket on the inside of the tooth. This too may not cause visible symptoms on the outside of the tooth.

" All the information mentioned here is compiled from the knowledge of scholars, doctors,etc."

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